Centre Paul-Albert Février

CNRS
Université d'Aix-Marseille
Maison méditerranéenne des sciences de l'homme


Rechercher


Centre Paul-Albert Février
MMSH
5 rue du Château de l'Horloge
BP 647
13094 Aix-en-Provence
France
+33 (0) 442 52 49 63

Accueil > Annuaire

Wilfand Yael

- Chargée de recherche contractuelle au CNRS / CNRS Researcher (ERC Project)
- Historienne du judaïsme / Historian of judaism

Contact : yael.wilfand@gmail.com

THÈMES DE RECHERCHE

- Histoire du judaïsme / History of judaism
- Littérature rabbinique de la Terre d’Israël / Rabbinical literature

PARCOURS

Yael Wilfand est historienne du judaïsme, ses recherches portent sur la littérature rabbinique d’Eretz Israel (la Terre d’Israël) et leurs relations avec la culture romaine et byzantine. Elle a suivi des études d’histoire à l’Université Hébraïque de Jérusalem, puis obtenu un doctorat à l’Université de Duke aux Etats-Unis. Le livre issu de sa thèse, Poverty, Charity and the Image of the Poor in Rabbinic Texts from the Land of Israel (Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2014) explore les explications rabbiniques de la pauvreté et les attitudes des rabbins vis-à-vis de celle-ci, ainsi que la façon dont les rabbins ont négocié l’articulation entre les commandements bibliques relatifs aux pauvres et les notions romaines de hiérarchie, de bienfait et de patronage.

Yael Wilfand earned her BA and MA in Jewish history from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and her PhD in Jewish studies from Duke University. Her scholarly interest is in rabbinic writings from the land of Israel and their relationship to Roman and Byzantine culture. Her book Poverty, Charity and the Image of the Poor in Rabbinic Texts from the Land of Israel (Social World of Biblical Antiquity, Second Series, 9 ; Sheffield : Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2014) explores rabbinic explanations of and attitudes toward poverty, and how the rabbis negotiated between biblical directives to care for the poor and Roman notions of hierarchy, benefaction and patronage. In her article, "From the School of Shammai to Rabbi Yehuda the Patriarch’s Student : The Evolution of the Poor Man’s Tithe", Jewish Studies Quarterly 22 (2015) : 36-61, she describes how Roman norms of patronage affected rabbinic legislation of the biblical poor man’s tithe. Yael has also published several articles on poverty and charity in rabbinic texts in Hebrew. Additionally, she has studied other historical sources from Antiquity and Late Antiquity and their connections to contemporaneous literature, as represented in : “Aramaic Tombstones from Zoar and Jewish Conceptions of the Afterlife”, Journal for the Study of Judaism 40 (2009) : 510-539, as well as “Did the Rabbis Reject the Roman Public Latrine ?” BABESCH Annual Papers on Mediterranean Archaeology 84 (2009) : 183-196.

RECHERCHES ACTUELLES

Elle a rejoint l’équipe du projet ERC "Judaism and Rome", dirigé par Katell Berthelot, en septembre 2015, en tant que chargée de recherche au CNRS, pour trois ans.

Au sein de l’équipe Yael Wilfand est chargée du dépouillement des sources rabbiniques de la Terre d’Israël (par opposition aux sources rabbiniques babyloniennes, qui ne seront prises en compte qu’à titre de comparaison), en particulier en lien avec les thèmes du pouvoir, de la Loi et de la citoyenneté.

Yael was recruited in July 2015 at the Centre Paul Albert Février as a CNRS Research Fellow for a three-year contract within the ERC project “Judaism and Rome” (led by Katell Berthelot). She will work on the question of the Roman Empire’s impacts on Judaism and will study the manifestations of Roman imperial ideology through the three main themes of the project, namely “Roman Power”, “Citizenship” and “Law”. She will be in charge of rabbinic texts from Palestine mainly dated from the second to the fifth centuries CE.

*****************************************

FORMATION - DIPLÔMES / EDUCATION

-  2011 | Doctorat / Ph.D. in Judaic Studies, Department of Religion, Duke University
Dissertation : “Poverty, Charity and the Image of the Poor in Rabbinic Texts from the Land of Israel”.
Committee : Eric M. Meyers (Chair) ; Laura S. Lieber ; Mary T. Boatwright ; Lucas Van Rompay ; Isaiah Gafni.

- 2009 | M.A. in Religion, Duke University .

- 2003 | M.A. in Jewish History (Magna Cum Laude), The Hebrew University of Jérusalem. Thesis : “The Attitudes of Rabbis towards Poverty and the Poor” [Hebrew]
Advisor : Isaiah Gafni.

- 1998 | B.A. in Jewish History (Magna Cum Laude), The Hebrew University of Jérusalem.

*****************************************

POST DOCTORATS ET PRIX / FELLOWSHIPS AND AWARDS

- 2012 - 2014 | Postdoctoral Fellowship, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

- 2012-2013 | Postdoctoral Fellowship, “Jewish Culture in the Ancient World”
Program, founded by the Humanities Fund, Yad Hanadiv and the Israel Council of Higher Education.

- 2010 | The Summer Research Fellowship, Duke University.

- 2005-2010 | Nathan J. Perilman Fellowship in Judaic Studies, Duke University (full tuition support and stipend).

- 2004 | The Rivlin Award for an Outstanding Graduate Student in Judaic Studies.

- 2001 | Luxembourg Foundation Graduate Scholarship.

- 2000 | The Stern Prize for an Outstanding Graduate Student in Jewish History.

- 1999 | The Mark and Loba Yobelyar Foundation Prize.

*****************************************

ENSEIGNEMENT / ACADEMIC TEACHING

- 2014 - 2015 | Taught "Jewish History during the Second Temple Period A : Babylonian Exile to Hasmonean Kingdom," and "Jewish History during the Second Temple Period B : Judea and Rome – From the Decline of the Hasmonean State to Rabbi Judah the Patriarch," The Open University of Israel.

- 2004 - 2005 | Taught “The Historian’s Craft,” a course on historical historiography for second-year undergraduate students of history, The Hebrew University of Jérusalem.

- 1999 - 2001| Designed and taught a semester-long methodological course in Modern Jewish History for first-year students, The Hebrew University of Jérusalem.

*****************************************

RESEARCH ASSISTANTSHIPS

- 2008 - 2010 | Research Assistant for Laura Lieber, Duke University.

- 2005 - 2008 | Research Assistant for Eric M. Meyers, Duke University.

- 2003 - 2004 | Research Assistant for Isaiah Gafni, The Hebrew University of Jérusalem. Topic : “The Sages and History”.

*****************************************

BIBLIOGRAPHIE / PUBLICATIONS

Ouvrages / Books
- Poverty, Charity and the Image of the Poor in Rabbinic Texts from the Land of Israel. Social World of Biblical Antiquity, Second Series, 9 ; Sheffield : Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2014.
Review - Compte-rendu
- Joshua Schwartz, Review of Biblical literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2015).

Articles dans des revues avec Comité de lecture / Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles
- “Did the Rabbis Reject the Roman Public Latrine ?” BABESCH Annual Papers on Mediterranean Archaeology 84 (2009) : 183-196.

- “Aramaic Tombstones from Zoar and Jewish Conceptions of the Afterlife.” Journal for the Study of Judaism 40 (2009) : 510-539.

- “From the School of Shammai to Rabbi Yehuda the Patriarch’s Student : The Evolution of the Poor Man’s Tithe.” Jewish Studies Quarterly 22 (2015) : 36-61.

- “Supporting non-Jewish Poor : ’Goyim’ (Gentiles), ’Others’, and ’Those Who Do Not Belong to the Covenant’” [Hebrew] (forthcoming Sidra : Journal for the Study of Rabbinic Literature).

Chapitres d’ouvrages / Chapters in Edited Volumes
“Charity and Philanthropy.” Pages 293-310 in On the Economy and on the Sustenance : Judaism, Society and Economics. Edited by Itamar Brenner and Aharon Ariel Levi. Jerusalem : Reuven Mas, 2008. [Hebrew]

“’Even a Horse, Even a Slave’ ? : The Provision of Personal Needs versus the Application of Uniform Standards in Rabbinic Almsgiving.” [Hebrew] (forthcoming, within the Socio-Economic Theories in Jewish Sources Project of the Israel Democracy Institute)

“‘No-one can Avoid this Measure’ : Explaining Poverty among Individuals according to the Babylonian and Palestinian Talmuds” [Hebrew] (forthcoming as a chapter in a Festschrift in 2016 – details of the volume not yet public).

Comptes-rendus / Reviews
Review of Steven Fine, Art, History and the Historiography of Judaism in Roman Antiquity, Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2014).

Communications (colloque) / Academic Conference Presentations
- Responder at How the Rabbinic Literature Relates to Poverty, the Poor, and Social Justice, and What Can Be Learned from It about Society’s Relation to the Poor and the Weak in Our Day : An Evening in Honor of Yael Wilfand’s Book Poverty, Charity and the Image of the Poor in Rabbinic Texts from the Land of Israel, The Van Leer Institute, April, 2015, [Hebrew].

- "What Do Rabbinic Texts Tell Us about Christian Charity ?" Paper presented at the Sixteenth World Congress of Jewish Studies, Jerusalem, July 2013 [Hebrew].

- “A Horse to Ride Upon and a Slave to Run Before Him” : Personal Needs Versus Uniform Criteria for Charitable Giving." Paper presented at the conference Pursuing Justice : Society and Economy in Jewish Sources. The Israel Democracy Institute, Jerusalem, June 2013 [Hebrew].

- "’You Have No Person that Can Avoid this Measure’ (y. Git. 3:7, 45a) : Explanations of Poverty in the Land of Israel and Babylonia." Paper presented at the Symposium in Honor of Isaiah Gafni, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, April 2012 [Hebrew].

- “Rabbinic and Early Church Concepts of Giving Charity in Secret.” Paper presented at the History of Christianity Section of the Southeastern Commission for the Study of Religion/Southeast Regional Meeting of the AAR, Greensboro, NC, March 2009.

- “‘Even the Dead Need It (Shalom)’ : The Meaning of Shalom on the Zoar
Tombstones.” Paper presented at the Christianity and Judaism Section of the ASOR Annual Meeting, Boston, November 2008.

- “Women and the Giving of Tzedaka.” Paper presented at the NCJW Annual Conference, Tel-Aviv, 2003 [Hebrew].