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In Search of the Promised Land ? The Hasmonean Dynasty Between Biblical Models and Hellenistic Diplomacy

Katell Berthelot
1. Auflage 2018
494 Seiten with 2 Maps gebunden
ISBN 978-3-525-55252-0
Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

Journal of Ancient Judaism. Supplements. - Band 024

Commandez l’ouvrage sur le site de l’éditeur Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

Katell Berthelot challenges the widespread historiographical consensus that the Hasmoneans embarked on wars of conquest in order to reconquer the Promised Land, the Biblical Land of Israel. She shows that the sources used in support of this consensus – such as 1 Maccabees 15:33–35 – have been over-interpreted. She suggests a different approach to this question. In particular, she argues that in 1 Maccabees, the Hasmoneans deliberately imitate the language ascribed to the Seleucid kings, and that the discourse on the Land found in 1 Maccabees, is congruent with the language of property rights over a given territory in the rhetoric of Hellenistic diplomacy.Berthelot’s close examination of accounts by Josephus and other writers, as well as of archaeological and numismatic data, allows her to reconstruct the different factors that led to the Hasmonean wars of conquest. Although Hasmonean leaders were clearly motivated by politico-religious objectives (e.g. getting rid of competing temples in areas under their control), the Deuteronomic commandment to wipe out the inhabitants of the Land and abolish idolatry does not necessarily account for their acts of destruction and the so-called ‘forced conversion’ of the Idumeans, the Itureans and other groups. Instead, Berthelot’s analysis of the sources leads her to reach a different conclusion.Finally, Berthelot investigates the echoes of the Hasmonean wars of conquest in the Dead Sea Scrolls and their memory in rabbinic literature. This allows her to show that, contrary to expectation, there is little evidence that the Hasmonean dynasty was perceived as having reconquered the Promised Land or restored the people of Israel within the borders of the Land of Israel.

L’auteur

Katell Berthelot est historienne, spécialisée dans l’étude du judaïsme à l’époque hellénistique et romaine et sur les guerres de la dynastie hasmonéenne, de Simon à Aristobule II, en lien avec la question des modèles bibliques qui ont pu les inspirer. Chercheuse au CNRS et rattachée au Centre Paul-Albert Février depuis 2002, elle a été nommée directrice de recherche au CNRS en octobre 2015. Katell Berthelot est médaillée de bronze du CNRS (2007) et lauréate du prix Irène Joliot-Curie Jeune femme scientifique de l’année (2008). Elle assure depuis 2006 la co-direction de la collection La Bibliothèque de Qumrân aux Éditions du Cerf (traduction et étude des textes de Qumrân). Elle dirige le projet financé par l’ERC (European Research Council) 2014-2019 : Judaism and Rome - Re-thinking Judaism’s Encounter with the Roman Empire : Rome’s Political and Religious Challenge to Israel and its Impact on Judaism (2nd Century BCE – 7th Century CE).